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ROSSIO SQUARE

The heart of Lisbon

Rossio Square Rossio is the liveliest square in the city, where people stop to sit and relax, or for a drink at the several atmospheric cafes with outdoor sitting (the most popular is the art deco Cafe Nicola on the western side).

On either side of the square are two baroque fountains, and in the center is a monument measuring 27 meters in height. It consists of a pedestal with marble allegories of Justice, Wisdom, Strength, and Moderation, qualities attributed to Dom Pedro IV, whose statue stands on top of the monument.

In the 19th century the square was paved with cobblestones in wave patterns, a design seen today in many other pavements all over Portugal, and that has spread to Portugal's former colonies from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) to Macao (China).

On the north side of the square is the Dona Maria II National Theater, a monumental neoclassical building built in the 1840s. The portico has six Ionic columns (originally from the Church of St. Francis, destroyed in the 1755 earthquake), and crowning the pediment is a statue of playwright Gil Vicente.

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How to Visit

Where: Baixa
How: Metro - Rossio Station

Sights Nearby

Rossio Station - A monumental train station.
Rua Augusta - The city's main shopping street.
Restauradores Square - Large busy square.
São Domingos Church - A church marked by tragedy.
Figueira Square - Busy square and transporation hub.
Comercio Square - Monumental riverside square.
Municipal Square - Home of the City Hall palace.
Conceição Velha Church - Church that survived the Great Earthquake.
Santa Justa Elevator - An Eiffel Tower-like landmark with views over the city.
Rua das Portas de Santo Antão - Pedestrian street lined with seafood restaurants.
Avenida da Liberdade - The city's main avenue.





LISBON ATTRACTIONS
NEIGHBORHOODS
-Baixa (Downtown)
-Bairro Alto & Chiado
-Belem
-Alfama
-Parque das Nações
-Uptown

CASTLES & FORTRESSES
-Saint George's Castle
-Belem Tower

PALACES
-Ajuda Palace
-Fronteira Palace
-Belem Palace
-São Bento Palace

MUSEUMS
SEE ALL LISBON MUSEUMS»
HISTORICAL ARCHITECTURE
-Discoveries Monument
-Santa Justa Elevator
-Rossio Station
-Casa dos Bicos
-25th of April Bridge
-Monument to Christ
-São Carlos Theater
-The Aqueduct
-Campo Pequeno
-Roman Theater Ruins

MODERN ARCHITECTURE
-Vasco da Gama Bridge
-Vasco da Gama Tower
-Oriente Station
-Portugal Pavilion
-Atlantic Pavilion
-Belem Cultural Center
-Lisbon Casino
-Oceanarium
MAIN STREETS & SQUARES
-Comercio Square
-Rossio Square
-Rua Augusta
-Municipal Square
-Camões Square
-Figueira Square
-Rua Portas Santo Antão
-Restauradores Square
-Avenida da Liberdade
-Marquês de Pombal Square

CHURCHES
-Jeronimos Monastery
-Carmo Convent
-São Roque Church
-Estrela Basilica
-The Cathedral
-São Vicente de Fora Monastery
-National Pantheon
-Saint Anthony Church
-Graça Church
-Conceição Velha Church
-São Domingos Church
-Memoria Church
PARKS & GARDENS
-Edward VII Park
-Tropical Garden
-Miradouro São Pedro Alcântara
-Miradouro de Santa Catarina
-Botanical Garden
-Estrela Gardens
-Ajuda Botanical Garden
-Principe Real
-Santa Luzia
-Portas do Sol
-Docas
-THE BEST OF LISBON: Top 10's
-MUSEUMS
-ITINERARIES
-VIEWPOINTS
-BEACHES
-KIDS & FAMILY Attractions
-PHOTO GALLERY