SANTA JUSTA ELEVATOR
An Eiffel Tower-like landmark overlooking the city
One of the city's best-loved landmarks and also known as the "Elevator of
Carmo," this extraordinary structure was built at the turn of the century by the Portugal-born French
architect Raoul de Mesnier du Ponsard (an apprentice of Gustave Eiffel,
explaining the structure's similarities to Paris' Eiffel Tower), to connect
downtown to Bairro Alto (the lowest and highest points of the city).
Originally powered by steam, it is 45 meters (147ft) high, and remains an interesting example of post-Eiffel iron architecture. The top of the Neo-Gothic tower, reached via a spiral staircase, has a cafe with splendid views of the city, including over Rossio Square, the castle and the river.
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How to Visit
Square - Monumental riverside square.
Municipal Square - Home of the City Hall palace.
Rua Augusta - The city's main shopping street.
Conceição Velha Church - Church that survived the Great Earthquake.
Rossio Square - Lisbon's elegant main square.
Figueira Square - Busy square and transporation hub.
São Domingos Church - A church marked by tragedy.
Rua das Portas de Santo Antão - Pedestrian street lined with seafood restaurants.
Rossio Station - A monumental train station.
Restauradores Square - Large busy square.
Avenida da Liberdade - The city's main avenue.